Educational Policy

While still an undergraduate student at Lebanese University, Ibrahim Halloun published a number of position papers on the state of education in Lebanon. In the eighties, he founded the Lebanese Intellectuals Association (LIA) and the Lebanese Association of Science and Mathematics Teachers (LASMT) through which he continued publishing papers on educational policy. In 2016, he founded H Institute.


H Institute

H Institute is a nonprofit research and development organization committed to engraining the Culture of Excellence in society. It brings together highly dedicated and well-recognized professionals who live and work with heartiness (devotion and bravery), honor – and honors –, honesty, and humility, on top of other values that make up the Institute value system.

The culture of excellence is about a sustained inner conviction, an intuitive drive, to always aim for excellence in any thought or action, pursue that aim with passion, enthusiasm, grit, tenacity, and perseverance, and get it optimally realized. At the institutional level, the culture of excellence is about having shared vision and values that willingly and collaboratively engage all members of the institution to passionately and optimally fulfill collectively defined and sought after purposes. This culture is about productivity and progressiveness, about continuously raising the bar in, and bringing added value to, everything the institution is about. It is about valuing uncommon performance and achievement, and reaching passing but not enduring satisfaction when getting them accomplished.

Engraining the culture of excellence in society begins in, and is sustained through, education. That is why H Institute has a special commitment to education and a special respect to educators with significant achievement on the road of excellence. The Institute has launched in 2017 the “H Institute Award for Excellence in Education” to honor educators committed to excellence in their daily practice, and especially in their drive to empower students for success and excellence in life.

Click here to learn more about H Institute and its Award for Excellence in Education.

CARE: Coalition for Authentic Reform of Education

CARE is an H Institute initiative that brings together organizations and individuals who work diligently for a world class educational system in Lebanon.

Visit CARE

Download CARE Synopsis inEnglish  عربي


H Institute publications:

Differential Convergence Education from Pluridisciplinarity to Transdisciplinarity. (April 2020).

Five modalities of differential convergence that may be deployed in the context of any curriculum, including discipline-based curricula, are proposed in a systemic perspective. These are, in increasing order of cohesiveness and productivity, pluridisciplinarity, multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity, crossdisciplinarity, and transdisciplinarity, with the last two as ultimate modalities for secondary school and university respectively.  Full Text

Supplement: Guidelines for systemic differential convergence education. (April 2020)

General guidelines for carrying out differential convergence projects to help students develop efficient competencies for addressing daily life issues from the perspective of many disciplines brought together cohesively and productively from different fields and different realms under systemic pedagogical frameworks.

Please click here to request the Supplement.


Systemism for Global Citizenship with Strong National Identity. (December 2019)

The concept of global citizenship, along with various forms of friction and hostility around the globe, led to major disarray, and even dismay, in the concepts of culture and national identity.  Systemism can significantly alleviate the situation when consciously and purposefully adopted by individuals and communities, in education and practice. Abstract


Toward authentic reform of education in Lebanon:

A synopsis of major systemic changes (September 2019)

نحو اصلاح حقيقيّ للتربية في لبنان: ملخّص التغييرات الرئيسة في النظام التربوي. أيلول 2019

The Lebanese educational system is long due for a major reform under clearly defined vision and broad national policy for education and development that optimally meet local and global realities of the 21st century. The envisioned reform would especially require and bring about new concepts of education, system, governance, pedagogy, school, curriculum, student, teacher, and every other organ, medium, and setting involved in the educational system. This document offers a synopsis of major systemic changes that the reform should bring about. Changes are outlined in five tables pertaining to reform context, foundations of education, educational system, school curricula, and professionalism in the educational sector.

Download full text in:  English عربي

Toward authentic reform of education in Lebanon:

The National Education Council (July 2019)

المجلس الوطني للتربية. تموز 2019

The National Education Council (NEC) is a proposed Lebanese public, autonomous, and independent organism that serves the primary function of upholding formal education as a high quality public good and a significant national investment for the 21st century and beyond. The Council would work in accordance with an explicitly spelled out national policy for education and development in order to serve a clear national educational vision with the highest quality standards possible. This document succinctly provides the rationale for NEC and proposes its mandate and structure.

Download Executive Summary in: English    عربي

Toward Authentic Reform of Education in Lebanon. (December 2018).

نحو إصلاح حقيقي للتربية في لبنان. كانون الثاني 2019

Premises and related measures for authentic reform of education are recommended about seven major aspects: equity and quality, lifelong learning, global citizenship, human mind and brain, technology, profession, and systemism.

Download full text inEnglish  عربي

Premises for authentic diplomas in the context of reformed curricula and educational systems. (May 2016). and LinkedIn Pulse.

مرتكزات أساسيّة لشهادات مصداقة في إطار مناهج تربويّة متطوّرة. أيّار 2016

General education diplomas must be revamped in the context of reformed curricula and educational systems that bring about some reliable passport for student transition to higher / upper level education. That passport might include some form of a “diploma” that does not come about as a consequence of exit exams, but as part of, or as a summative account of, comprehensive school transcripts.

Download full text in:      English        عربي

Upholding our conventional exit exams is a crime against students and society. (April 2016). and LinkedIn Pulse.

التمسّك بالامتحانات الرسميّة التقليديّة جريمة بحقّ الطلبة والمجتمع . نيسان 2016

The Lebanese Brevet and Baccalaureate exams (as they are still commonly known) have been around for quite awhile that most people are taking them for granted. Very little research has been undertaken to ascertain the viability (validity, reliability, efficiency, etc.) of these national exit exams and their repercussions on students, teachers, and other stakeholders in the educational community and on the nation at large. However, what is sometimes revealed about these exams and research from around the globe about similar high stakes exit exams provide some indication as to how flawed they are and how grave their repercussions are on various stakeholders.

Download full text in:      English       عربي

Time to abolish high stakes exit exams as we know them. Naharnet, 30 March 2016.

High stakes exams have been around for quite awhile that most concerned people are taking them for granted. These exams come in a variety of forms and scales, and serve diverse purposes like end of program certification, entrance to particular university programs, or induction into certain professions. Research from around the globe shows that high stakes exams have critical viability flaws (validity, reliability, efficiency, etc.) and grave repercussions on students, teachers, and all other stakeholders in the educational community and concerned professional communities.   Full Text


LJSME editorials:

Lebanese Journal of Science & Mathematics Education. (Founder, 1988. Editor, 1988-1990). Beirut, Lebanon: LASMT.


LIA and other publications:

Public Attitudes toward the Municipal System in Lebanon. (1999). Junieh, Lebanon: LIA.

مواقف اللبنانيين من البلديات والانتخابات البلدية في ظل النظام السياسي القائم في لبنان: دراسة استطلاعية احصائية. مع د. مرغريت حلو وغيرها.  (1999). منشورات الرابطة الفكرية اللبنانية

Studies in Reform and Development. Editor. (1993). Junieh, Lebanon: LIA.

أبحاث ودراسات في الاصلاح والتنمية. مع د. مرغريت حلو وغيرها. (1993). منشورات الرابطة الفكرية اللبنانية

Science & technology for development. (1993). Studies in Reform and Development, 47-81. Junieh, Lebanon: LIA.

علوم وتكنولوجيا للتنمية. (1993).  أبحاث ودراسات في الاصلاح والتنمية، 47-81. منشورات الرابطة الفكرية اللبنانية

Which citizen, what nation [Monograph]. (1992). Junieh, Lebanon: LIA.

أي مواطن؟ أي وطن؟ (1992). منشورات الرابطة الفكرية اللبنانية

An educational system for development. (1991). Al-Anwar.

نحو نظام تربوي جديد يحقق من خلاله المواطن ذاته والوطن تقدمه. الأنوار، 4 شباط 1991

Productivity of university professors in Lebanon. (1988). Ad-Diyar.

مشكلة الأستاذ الجامعي في لبنان. الديار، 19 تموز 1988

The university in Lebanon: Facts and prospects. (1988). Ad-Diyar.

الجامعة: مفهومها، واقعها اللبناني، وصورتها المرتجاة. الديار، 16 آب 1988

Towards a free, equitable and committed education. (1986). Al-Anwar.

نحو تربية لبنانية حرة، عادلة وملتزمة. الأنوار، 30 كانون الثاني 1986